Read e-book online An Introduction to Cognitive Psychology: Processes and PDF

By David Groome

ISBN-10: 020397798X

ISBN-13: 9780203977989

ISBN-10: 0863776396

ISBN-13: 9780863776397

Straight away available and leading edge, An advent to Cognitive Psychology is a uniquely complete textbook for undergraduate scholars. in one quantity, it presents sincerely signposted chapters on either basic cognitive functionality and similar medical problems. particularly written to hide all degrees of skill, it bargains in-depth and updated examine to attract the main capable scholars, with a transparent and fascinating textual content written by way of skilled lecturers to aid scholars who locate the cloth tough. specifically designed textbook gains comprise bankruptcy summaries, annotated additional studying and a thesaurus of keyword phrases.

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Additional info for An Introduction to Cognitive Psychology: Processes and Disorders

Example text

However, interpretation of this condition is not straightforward, and it will be examined further in Chapter 3. Spatial frequency analysis As well as colour, motion, position and form (as orientations of lines and combinations of such lines), the visual system appears to possess another channel for the initial analysis of stimulus material. This channel is concerned with spatial frequencies. Spatial frequency refers to the alternation of patterns of light and dark in a visual stimulus. 3). 3 for a minute or so, you will probably notice an after-effect when you switch your attention to the right-hand grating, causing an apparent distortion of the orientation of the lines.

This is called a ‘pop-out’ effect. g. Treisman and Gelade, 1980) suggest that feature analysis is a parallel process. 10(a)). Treisman (1988) suggests that parallel processing and the ability to generate such pop-out effects may be taken as evidence that the feature in question may be considered to be an elementary visual feature. Where many features are common to target and distractors, however, much more processing is required in order to reject distractors. Such a situation is provided by the conjoint search in which a target is defined by a combination of features, for example, a white circle against a background that includes circles that are not white and white items that are not circles.

Further problems with the model include the finding that the amount of material registered on the unattended channel greatly increases with practice of shadowing (Underwood, 1974). In addition, if a message alternates between the two ears, subjects follow it back and forth rather than continuing to shadow the ear receiving only part of the whole message. This can also be shown in the divided attention situation when subjects recall messages in coherent forms, for example, ‘A B C’ and ‘123’ rather than chunking by ear which, in the case of the example, might be ‘1 B 3’ and ‘A 2 C’.

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An Introduction to Cognitive Psychology: Processes and Disorders by David Groome


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