By A. R. Disney
The dominion of Portugal used to be created as a derivative of the Christian Reconquest of Hispania. without geographical raison d'?tre and no noticeable roots in its Roman, Germanic, or Islamic pasts, it for lengthy remained a small, suffering realm on Europe's outer fringe. Then, within the early 15th century, this not likely springboard for Western enlargement all at once started to collect an empire of its personal, finally extending greater than midway all over the world. The heritage of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire, drawing really on old scholarship postdating the 1974 Portuguese Revolution, deals readers a accomplished review and reinterpretation of the way all this occurred - the 1st such account to seem in English for greater than a new release. quantity I issues the background of Portugal itself from pre-Roman occasions to the climactic French invasion of 1807, and quantity II strains the historical past of the Portuguese abroad empire.
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Extra resources for A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: From Beginnings to 1807 (Volume 2)
69 Conversely, it has also been argued that Sebastia˜o’s defeat at Al-Ksar al-Kabir was more a consequence of a Portuguese failure to up-date their own, by then, increasingly archaic military system. The responsibility for this allegedly lay with a conservative fidalguia, still obsessed with traditional cavalry and individual prowess. 70 In any event, well before 1578 Portugal had lost its comparative military advantage. Of course, the domestic impact of the defeat was devastating – and only two years later Portugal was absorbed into the empire of the Spanish Habsburgs.
Lopes D 1937 pp 131–3; NHEP vol 2 pp 237–45; Braga I M D and Braga P D 1998 pp 17–25. Mascarenhas J de 1918 p 96. Godinho V M 1962 p 117; Farinha A D 2002 p 17. North Africa 5 it started a Portuguese commitment in Morocco that would last in one form or another for 350 years. the era of neo-reconquest After 1415 every Portuguese ruler from Joa˜o I to Manuel I became deeply enmeshed in North Africa. The least involved was Joa˜o I himself, who never re-visited Morocco; but he was ﬁrmly committed to retaining Ceuta, which in 1419–20, with the help of a relief expedition commanded by Prince Henrique, withstood a major counter-attack by the Marinid Sultan Abu Said Uthman III (1399–1420).
45 Although the escudo was a relatively low-quality coin of only eighteen carats, it both stimulated commerce and boosted Duarte’s prestige. 46 Trans-Saharan gold remained important to Portugal until the early 1450s, when better links to the West African sources were opened up by sea via Guinea. This enabled Afonso V’s mint to produce the much purer gold cruzado. Portuguese service nobles hoped expansion into Morocco would bring them gains in the forms of both honour in battle and windfall riches.
A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: From Beginnings to 1807 (Volume 2) by A. R. Disney