By Ian D. Armour
A historical past of japanese Europe 1740-1918: Empires, international locations and Modernisation offers a accomplished, authoritative account of the area in the course of a bothered interval that accomplished with the 1st global warfare. Ian Armour specializes in the 3 significant topics that experience outlined japanese Europe within the glossy interval - empire, nationhood and modernisation - when chronologically tracing the emergence of japanese Europe as a different thought and position. precise assurance is given to the Habsburg, Ottoman, German and Russian Empires that struggled for dominance in this time.
In this intriguing new version, Ian Armour accommodates findings from new study into the character and origins of nationalism and the makes an attempt of supranational states to generate dynastic loyalties in addition to options of empire. Armours insightful advisor to early jap Europe considers the $64000 figures and governments, analyses the numerous occasions and discusses the socio-economic and cultural advancements which are an important to a rounded realizing of the area in that era.
Features of this re-creation include:
- a completely up-to-date and enlarged bibliography and notes
- 8 important maps
Read or Download A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation PDF
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Additional resources for A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation
When Augustus III died in 1763, Catherine II had little difficulty in getting one of her numerous lovers, the Polish noble Stanisław Poniatowski, elected as King Stanisław August in 1764. Stanisław August, however, proved more of an enlightened reformer than Catherine had bargained for, while at the same time his dependency on Russian power aroused the hostility of the szlachta. A noble insurrection against Stanisław August provided the pretext for the First Partition of 1772, suggested to Russia and Austria by Frederick II as a means of alleviating tensions between Russia and Prussia itself.
On the one hand, monarchs of the period and their advisers were scarcely blind to the economic advantages of seizing, or retaining, territory; on 29 A History of Eastern Europe 1740–1918 the other hand, the prodigal expenditure of accumulated wealth in the pursuit of territorial claims suggests that economic rationality was never uppermost. In one important respect the economic strength or weakness of states did begin to affect international relations in this period, in that for the first time we can see a serious differential between states.
In these parts of Eastern Europe, the principal source of any sense of cultural identity at first could be only the various subdivisions of Orthodoxy: the Greek, Romanian and Serb Orthodox churches. These organisations, tolerated on both sides of the Ottoman– Habsburg border, constituted for most of the eighteenth century the only educated class of their respective peoples. The great exception, in the Ottoman domains, was the omnipresent Greek merchant class, a class which because of its foreign contacts, language skills and growing wealth was uniquely equipped 38 War, Enlightenment and Nationalism to act as an importer of ideas from the outside world, as well as to finance Greek-language schools and publications.
A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation by Ian D. Armour