By David S. Mason
Highlighting the main occasions, rules, and members that experience formed glossy Europe, this clean and energetic booklet presents a concise background of the continent from the Enlightenment to the current. Drawing at the enduring subject of revolution, David S. Mason explores the political, monetary, and medical explanations and outcomes of revolution; the advance of human rights and democracy; and problems with ecu identification and integration. He intentionally avoids a close chronology of each nation and period of time by way of emphasizing the main an important occasions that experience formed Europe. Fourteen concentrated chapters tackle such topical concerns because the Enlightenment; the French Revolution and Napoleon; the commercial Revolution; the theories and impression of Marx and Darwin; the revolutions of 1848, 1917, and 1989; the unifications of Germany and Italy; ecu imperialism; the 2 international wars; the chilly battle; the evolution and growth of the eu Union; and present demanding situations confronting Europe. Any reader who desires a huge sweep of ecu heritage will locate this e-book an interesting narrative, supplemented with maps, timelines, sidebars, images, and a glossary.
“David Mason’s account of eu background from the Enlightenment to the current deals an authoritative synthesis of significant advancements during this various and intricate interval. Written in a lucid and fascinating variety, sincerely based and concise, this survey is either accomplished and readable. it truly is like minded as an introductory textbook for faculty undergraduates.” —Jolanta T. Pekacz, Dalhousie collage
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Extra resources for A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity (3rd Edition)
3 The Napoleonic Code Before the Revolution, royal law and church law both competed with locallevel traditions in many French provinces. Napoleon commissioned a battery of lawyers to help establish a uniform code of law and personally played a hand in the project. The code, over two thousand articles in length, institutionalized many of the gains of the Revolution, including equality before the law, freedom of religion, and the rights of property owners. It also reflected Napoleon’s traditional views of the family, which he considered a crucial intermediary between the state and the individual.
It was revolutionary music, and Beethoven himself became a symbol of freedom and individualism. indb 35 12/4/14 11:19 AM 36 Chapter 2 while causing military destruction and the loss of hundreds of thousands of human lives. Even Russia, which withstood the French attack in 1812, was affected: Russian soldiers who pursued the retreating French armies into France were exposed to French civilization, Enlightenment thinking, and revolutionary ideology. Back in Russia, some of them attempted to establish a constitutional monarchy, in the Decembrist revolt of 1825.
Geologists in France discovered fossils that conflicted with the time scheme suggested in the Old Testament. All of these men used observation and experiments to draw conclusions that conflicted with the accepted wisdom of the time. Enlightenment philosophers applied the methods of the Scientific Revolution to the study of society and of government rather than the material universe, believing that natural laws governed human behavior and institutions, just as they governed the universe. The principal forerunner of the Enlightenment was the Englishman John Locke (1632–1704), who first broached the notion that reason and knowledge are derived from experience.
A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity (3rd Edition) by David S. Mason