By Emilio Zagheni, Marina Zannella, Gabriel Movsesyan, Brittney Wagner
This comparative learn of eu time transfers finds the entire quantity of transfers within the kind of unpaid paintings and highlights the life of significant gender transformations in family time construction. a wide volume of products and prone are produced by means of family participants for his or her personal intake, with no regarding industry transactions. regardless of the industrial and social significance of unpaid paintings, those effective actions are mostly invisible to standard nationwide fiscal bills. accordingly, regular measures of intergenerational transfers more often than not forget about loved ones construction, and hence underestimate the final price of products and providers produced over the existence cycle; particularly, the commercial contribution of ladies. The ebook makes use of a existence direction method of provide policy-relevant insights into the influence of demographic and social swap on intergenerational ties and gender inequality in family production.
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Additional info for A Comparative Analysis of European Time Transfers between Generations and Genders
As health care needs or general infirmities become more prominent, some care or household tasks that were exchanged via time transfers in the past transition to the market, where others are hired to assist with or complete them. Furthermore, there are residual effects of differential life expectancy that must be investigated. Women are more likely to survive their husbands, spend more time in retirement, and live alone. If a gender gap exists within a household’s time consumption and production, the death of the husband may change the time use of the surviving woman.
This is likely due to the former returning to the labor force at a greater rate. As the employment rate for Italian women continues to rise (Da Roit and Sabatinelli 2013), we might expect to see a similar trend emerge for Italian women, as their time spent on unpaid work decreases following childrearing. Within the harmonized data, the level of 6 hours per day occupied on domestic work represents a significant distinction between groups of countries. 6. 7 Time Consumption 27 by women in Italy, Spain, and Austria is generally at or above 6 h per day for most of their adult lives.
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A Comparative Analysis of European Time Transfers between Generations and Genders by Emilio Zagheni, Marina Zannella, Gabriel Movsesyan, Brittney Wagner